Dental treatments deal with the problem of teeth and jaw bones. The surgeon who performs the treatment is known as dental surgeon with specialization in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of the diseases and conditions of oral cavity. There are various classifications and sub classifications of dental treatment. It include endodontic, orthodontic, periodontics, prosthodontics etc. Some of the corrective measures are in the form of implants, root canal, crowns, veneers, bridges, dentures, extraction etc.
1. Dental implants – It is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone or jaw to support dental prosthesis such as crown, bridge etc. Dental implants are highly advisable for people who have absence or loss of tooth. The process known as osseointegration is the basis for modern dental implants. In this process, material such as titanium forms an intimate bond to the bone.
An implant fixture is first placed so that it is likely to osseointegrate. Then, ideal healing time is given. After the healing is done, a dental prosthetic is added. In this procedure, bone is drilled to fix a screw. After three months, when the healing is done, the implant is attached.
2. Complex dental procedure for impaction of tooth – Tooth impact is that condition in which a tooth fails to fully grow out from the gums. This usually happens with the wisdom teeth as they are the last teeth to emerge. This condition usually occurs because of lack of space in the bone. Local anesthesia is injected around the nerves. An incision is made to expose the teeth. A thin bladed instrument called a periotome is used to remove enough bone from around the tooth. A safety net is provided to prevent the tooth from being swallowed. An elevator is used to loosen the tooth. To decelerate the bone resorption process, bone graft material is placed in the tooth socket.
3. Cosmetic dentistry – Cosmetic dentistry is that branch of dentistry which focuses on improving the appearance of the teeth, mouth and our gums. It may also provide restorative benefits. The main focus of cosmetic dentistry is to improve dental aesthetics in color, position, shape, size, alignment and overall appearance.
There are different technical advancements to make dental treatments durable and predictable. Dentists use better conservative technique to restore as much of your natural tooth structure as possible. Some of the cosmetic techniques that are currently in use are –
a. Inlays/onlays – They are indirect fillings which are made from porcelain or composite materials. They are long lasting and aesthetically pleasing.
b. Composite bonding – It is used to treat chipped, broken, discolored or decayed teeth. A dental composite material is applied into the cavity or onto the surface of the tooth where it is sculpted, contoured or hardened with a high intensity light.
c. Teeth whitening – It is the most commonly performed cosmetic dentistry procedure in which bleaching of teeth can enhance the appearance of the smile.
d. Dental veneers – Veneers are made of composite or porcelain and are adhesively bonded to the surface of the tooth to repair chips and cracks. It is also recommended if you have gaps in your teeth.
Almost anyone who is missing a teeth or a whole set of them is considered as a good candidate.
It varies from individual to individual but it is above 90 percent.
It occurs when full tooth eruption does not take place. It can happen if a person’s jaw is small to accommodate the tooth or if the existing teeth are not in the right position.
Surgical removal is the preferred treatment of choice. Incisions are required in this procedure.